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The first 12 weeks of pregnancy are very important for the development of your baby. So you need to prepare your body before pregnancy. It is important that your blood pressure is within normal limits, that your blood sugar is normal, that you control your liver and kidney function, your blood count, your urine test, and most importantly your blood group. The smear test, which should be performed at regular intervals for every woman with active sexual life, should be repeated when pregnancy is planned in order to determine the premature findings in the cervix that will lead to malignancy in the future.
In particular, starting a folic acid-rich diet 3 months prior to planning the pregnancy reduces the risk of bone spans (neural tube defect) in your baby. At least two servings of fruit (orange, banana), five servings of vegetables (especially green leafy vegetables) and seven servings of bread or cornflakes should be eaten each day. Portions are 2 pieces for fruits, 5 crotches for vegetables and 2 pieces of bread slice. Since folic acid is lost by cooking, it is important that vegetables and fruits are eaten fresh, raw or lightly cooked. Folic acid can also be taken daily as a vitamin tablet. Additional vitamins are not recommended during pregnancy.
It is also necessary to assess the condition of the teeth and gums with the dentist before pregnancy. If treatment is required, it should be done before pregnancy. Rubella immunity should be checked. Women who have been vaccinated in the past should learn that they are immune to blood tests. Non-immunity should be vaccinated at least 3 months before planning the pregnancy.
Smoking habit should be stopped. Cigaret; Preterm labor (birth before 37th gestational week), low-weight infant birth, respiratory problems in the baby and sudden infant death syndrome can cause. Never allow smoking near you and your baby. Alcohol use; miscarriage, premature or stillbirth. Mental deficiencies and slow physical growth may occur in babies after birth. A small amount of alcohol or regular use can cause undesirable effects on the baby. You should also reduce caffeine intake. Taking high doses of caffeine increases the risk of miscarriage and preterm labor. Pregnant women should limit their daily intake of caffeine to 200 mg. This is 2 cups of filter coffee or 2.5 cups nescafe or 4 cups of medium dem tea or 6 cups of cola.
Care should also be taken when using medication. Regularly used drugs should be given with the doctor's approval by making benefit-harm calculations. High body temperature during pregnancy can cause birth defects (deformations) in the baby. Body warming actions, such as a sauna or hot tub, should not last longer than 10 minutes. Doing heavy workout or exercise is not right.