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There is an imbalance between the hydrocephalus problem and the baby's ability to produce cerebrospinal fluid and the ability to absorb it.
Cerebrospinal fluid (cerebrospinal fluid-CSF) accumulates in the skull of a baby with hydrocephalus, which causes the skull to grow greatly.
Although the incidence of this defect has different rates in different populations, it is on average 1 case per 1000 births.
The most prominent symptom of congenital hydrocephalus is an abnormally enlarged head. Occasionally, it can be seen that the fetal head is large enough to make normal birth impossible. In some more usual cases, the head appears normal during childbirth, but begins to grow immediately afterwards.
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance methods are useful for differentiating hydrocephalus from other disorders and investigating the cause.
The aim of treatment is to balance the production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. Sometimes medication can be effective, but usually the best treatment is surgical drainage.
The condition of children born with hydrocephalus is greatly improved by long-term cannula placement. Treatment is essential. Complications may develop despite treatment.