The fall season came with autumn. According to experts, one of the most effective ways of protection from influenza is vaccination. Influenza vaccine, if given early in the immune system by further strengthening protection against diseases.
May cause pneumonia without precaution
Flu occurs mostly in autumn and winter. It is transmitted by direct contact with droplets that are emitted in the air by coughing or sneezing. Common items such as door handles, computer keyboards, telephones can cause contamination. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, cough, headache, pain in muscles and joints, and weakness. Usually healing occurs within 1-2 weeks. However, it may be more severe in the elderly, in people with diabetes, in people with chronic diseases of the underlying kidney, heart or respiratory system. In addition, it can prepare the ground for diseases such as pneumonia.
Getting a flu shot doesn't mean you'll never get the flu
Influenza is a virus disease and does not respond to antibiotic treatment. Patients are advised to take plenty of fluids, bed rest and medications for symptoms. Viral drugs are useful in the early period.
Avoiding contact with people with influenza, washing hands frequently (eg after handshaking), avoiding crowded environments and influenza vaccination may be recommended for influenza protection. Since the influenza virus is a type-changing virus, the World Health Organization determines the types of viruses that are common each year and the vaccine is prepared accordingly. The vaccine contains 3 types of dead viruses. It takes about 10-15 days after the application. For this reason, it is recommended to do in early autumn. It's okay to do it all winter, premature immunization is due to an immediate onset of immunity. In the meantime, even if it is mostly protective, the flu vaccine does not mean that the person will never get the flu that year. The protection of the vaccine ranges from 60 to 80 percent. In addition, the flu vaccine does not protect against other flu-like diseases (such as colds). Influenza vaccine is administered to children aged 6 months to 3 years as a half dose and full dose over 3 years. Children under the age of 8 who have been vaccinated for the first time should be vaccinated twice with 1 month intervals.
Who should be vaccinated against influenza?
People over 65 years of age, some people with lung disease (such as asthma, chronic bronchitis), chronic cardiovascular disease, diabetes, blood disease, immunosuppressed people (long-term use of cortisone, AIDS, cancer treatment, etc.) should be given the flu vaccine. In addition, it may be appropriate for those who stay in nursing homes and the staff working there and health personnel to get the flu vaccine.
Who should not be vaccinated against influenza?
Since the vaccine is prepared in chicken eggs, those who are allergic to the eggs, those who are allergic to the contents of the vaccine, who have a neurological disease called Guillain-Barré Syndrome and women in the first 3 months of pregnancy should not receive the flu vaccine. Infants under 6 months should not be vaccinated against influenza. It is recommended that those who have a febrile illness at the time of vaccination should postpone the vaccination until their condition is resolved.
Is there a side effect of influenza vaccine?
Because the flu vaccine contains non-living viruses, it is not possible to have the flu due to the vaccine. However, there may be slight side effects from the vaccine. These side effects include;
• Pain, redness or swelling in the vaccination area,
• Muscle pains,
• Feeling of resentment,
• Light fire.
Rarely, especially in those with egg allergies, there is a risk of serious allergic reactions.
Memorial Suadiye Medical Center Department of Chest Diseases Uz. Dr. Contact ilkay directly