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Children whose parents are overweight are becoming obese in the future
Many scientific studies prove that obesity is familial. If only one parent has obesity, the risk is 40 percent for the child and 80 percent for two parents. It is suggested that the obesity desire and eating style of the obese are a habit derived from the family environment. Lack of physical activity, excessive television watching, and computer use are often associated with family life and the environment. The prevalence of obesity in children adopted by obese families is another finding that proves the effect of the family environment.
Obesity in children invites illnesses in older ages
Fat tissue is the body's backup energy store. Adipose tissue also has the duties of preventing heat loss of the body, protecting organs against physical traumas and shaping the body aesthetically to a certain extent. The ratio of this tissue can change with age. The pathological increase in adipose tissue ratio is called obesity.
It is known that obesity is closely related to high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and most of this problem is based on childhood.
The prevalence of obesity in childhood and adolescence is increasing rapidly in the world. For the future of public health, it is very important that pediatricians carefully evaluate the weight gain in each examination and inform the family.
The volume of adipose tissue in the body is related to the number and size of fat cells. The number of fat cells increases in the womb recently and in the first year following birth, depending on the calorie intake. Although this continues until puberty, the rate of increase of cells decreases with age. Therefore, the increase in cells in obesity starting at an early age is more and more dangerous.
Body mass index (BMA) is the most commonly used obesity index (BMA) in adults. BMI in children varies with age. Therefore, age and gender-specific BMI values should be known for the definition of obesity during childhood and transition to adolescence. It is also useful in determining the measure of obesity in weight by weight in children.
Obesity is common at first age, especially in the first 6 months. The frequency of obesity decreases gradually after the age of one year due to the increase in walking and movement of the child. The frequency of obesity increases again in 4-5 years of age and adolescence.
Obtaining more energy than consumed is the main cause of obesity. This type of obesity is called “exogenous obesity ve and the majority of obesity belongs to this group. Although some obesity is seen in some hormonal and genetic diseases, their ratio is very low.
Do not give food every time the child cries
In mixed or artificially fed infants, giving milk with a bottle every time the child cries, starting early on calorie-rich foods such as custard and giving them too much is a wrong practice that causes obesity in prone children. Today, taking the fast food foods, chips, chocolate and sugary foods consumed too much is the biggest risk.
Orthopedic complaints and respiratory diseases are common in obese children
In obese children, symptoms of puberty also occur earlier than normal children and growth is completed at an earlier age. Fat babies are delayed walking. In addition, orthopedic disorders such as curvature of the flatfoot legs are common in obese children. Respiratory diseases are also more common in obese children.
Fat children can grow up to be more timid individuals
Psychological disorders, as well as the cause of obesity, are important problems that accompany obesity. In the preschool age, few movements, disagreement, disorientation, withdrawal or aggressive behavior may occur.
No diet during infancy, but proper diet is recommended
Losing weight and maintaining it is a really difficult task. The main problem with the treatment of a fat child is to motivate the child and the family about the need for weight loss. No diet is given during infancy. However, it may be advisable to give the child skimmed milk and avoid bakery products such as custard in excess weight. In older children, the diet is successful when all family members adopt and implement the diet. The basis of diet is low energy. This may be possible by introducing legumes of vegetables, fruits, white meat, fish nuts and dried legumes as much as possible in the diet. Taking into account the wishes of the child, the diet should consist of as many foods as possible.
Do not give your child appetite suppressants
Usually a 1000-calorie diet is suitable for many children. Weight loss of 400-500 grams per week is aimed. In addition to the diet, sports activities that increase the child's activity should be supported. Sports such as swimming, tennis, jogging and basketball should be done for at least three days a week. Walking short distances, climbing stairs instead of elevators support calorie expenditure. Drugs that reduce appetite and fat absorption have no place in children's diets.
Refer your child to physical activity
Obesity is the most common childhood problem of today, which is more successful and lasting when children, families, pediatricians, sometimes psychologists and teachers are involved. It should be known that the risk of obesity is high especially in obese children, the weight of the child should be monitored continuously, the diet should be regulated in terms of calorie content, and the child should be encouraged to eat regularly and physical activity.
Suadiye Memorial Medical Center Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Contact Selase directly