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Approximately 10 percent of children who will start school have difficulty reading and writing according to their age. The most common underlying cause is vision problems. Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Dr. Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital. Emel Çolakoğlu pointed out that every child should have regular eye examination even if he does not have any complaints. Parents also do not consult their physician considering that their children do not have vision problems. As a result, the child's school performance is affected, and when the problem is detected, it is often too late for treatment and the vision problem can become permanent. “
THE 4 MOST VISIBLE PROBLEMS IN SCHOOL AGE
Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Emel Colakoglu lists the most common vision problems in school-age children as follows:
When looking at an object or point, both eyes must look together. One of the eyes is looking at the desired target while the other looking at another point is called “strabismus.. Childhood strabismus that occurs in the child, usually preferring to use one eye continuously. As a result, laziness develops in the other eye. Every strabismus may not be as advanced as the mother, father or relatives can understand. Some strabismus may not even be detected by a simple examination and further investigations may be required. Some of the strabismus can be corrected with suitable glasses. The closure treatment allows better focusing of the sliding eye.
2. FALSE STRABISM
Sometimes there are situations that mimic strabismus. These are called “false strabismus.. False strabismus can occur in cases such as eyelid disorders or nasal root obstruction. The distinction between true or false strabismus can only be made by ophthalmologists. Regardless of the type, each type of slip is important. Therefore, the shift should be diagnosed as soon as possible and a treatment and follow-up plan should be made.
3. EYE LAZING
Without any visual nerve layer or visual nervous system disease. vision is defined as being below full visual levels. Visual nerves complete their development along with postnatal images. Eye laziness; It occurs as a result of an incomplete development of the visual nerve after a disease that may cause the image to fall on the visual nerve layer. It is usually exposed in one eye and therefore difficult to detect by families or relatives. When it is noticed, it is often too late for treatment. As the vision perception of the brain is completed around the age of 8-9, early diagnosis of lazy eye is of great importance for successful treatment. Otherwise, lazy eye can become a permanent problem. Refractive error in one eye, slipping in one eye, prolonged valve problems in infancy (congenital low eyelid cover, infection or trauma-induced valve edema) can cause lazy eye. If there is lazy eye, a blind eye treatment is applied with the appropriate glasses for the visual nerve to work better.
4. BREAKING FAULTS
It's mostly genetic. Age period and degree can change. Using computers, watching TV closely and reading books closely can reveal or improve existing refractive errors. Breaking defects are seen in 3 ways:
-Myopia: Blurry view away.
- Hyperopia: Not seeing clearly.
-Astigmatism: As a result of irregular diameters of the eye circle to see far and near shaded.
In the examinations, if there is a refractive error (myopia-hypermetropia or astigmatism), the best vision level is provided with glasses.
EVERY CHILD SHOULD BE VISITED IN THE FIRST 6 MONTHS
Congenital cataracts, glaucoma, or low eyelid, such as eye diseases that may not attract the attention of every parent is very important to be detected in the first weeks. Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Emel Colakoglu, these problems can not result in early intervention may result in lazy eye or blindness may occur, noting that the following: A child who does not have any problem at the first examination should have a re-examination at the age of 2.5-3 years. The child who has been examined at the age of 3 at the latest should be re-evaluated at the age of 5 and 7 if no problem is detected. There should be an eye examination once a year after school starts. ”