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What should be considered in nutrition during pregnancy?

What should be considered in nutrition during pregnancy?


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Anadolu Health Suadiye Medical Center Nutrition and Diet Specialist Dyt. Canan Öcal Kuzum gave the following information about the most curious subjects of mothers and relatives during pregnancy:

1. How should pregnant women with excessive nausea be fed?

Digestive system complaints during pregnancy or pregnancy is one of the most common problems. Nausea and vomiting occur in 50-90% and 25-55% of pregnant women. It is known that being young, obesity, first pregnancy and smoking increases these problems. 90% of pregnancy in the first trimester of pregnancy, especially 4-10. Nausea occurs between weeks.

To prevent nausea during pregnancy:

  • Frequent and small portions should be preferred to eat,
  • Nutrition; the content of the diet should be low-fat and bread should be consumed by frying,
  • Factors such as cigarette, food and perfume smell that trigger nausea should be avoided,
  • Stomach should not be allowed to increase by increasing the number of meals to 6,
  • After waking up, before getting out of bed (such as toast, toast), eat something dry and rest in bed for a while, then get up,
  • Enough fluid should be taken between meals,
  • It should be rested by taking small breaks in daylight.

2. How should pregnant women be fed to avoid gas problems?

For bloating and gas problems during pregnancy, it is necessary to feed frequently and gradually. In the light of this, eating fast food causes bloating. Another thing that can be done for gas problem during pregnancy is to stay away from foods that produce gas. In general, food that makes gas to every person; dried legumes (dried beans, chickpeas, lentils), cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli and onions.

3. How should pregnant women who have reflux be fed?

One of the most common problems during pregnancy is the condition that we call reflux and the acid in the stomach escapes into the esophagus. Approximately two-thirds of pregnant women suffer from reflux symptoms. Pregnant women will feel a burning and painful sensation behind the breastbone. In some cases, this feeling can be felt even near the throat as a result of acidic gastric fluid escaping further.

In order to reduce reflux during pregnancy, you need to eat less frequently and raise your head and avoid eating in the last three hours of bedtime. Drinks such as alcohol and coffee, chocolate and fat-rich foods should be consumed in a more limited way. It should be remembered that smoking, as well as many other damages in pregnancy, may contribute to reflux by increasing gastric acidity.

4.What should pregnant women pay attention to when drinking herbal tea?

It is not recommended to drink herbal tea in pregnancy because of the risk of fluid loss and miscarriage.

5. How much weight should be gained during pregnancy?

It is important to monitor weight gain during pregnancy. Overnutrition, like malnutrition in pregnancy, is harmful to the health of the mother and baby. Pregnant women in the first three months; 0.5-1 kg per month. In the following months, it should gain an average weight of 1.5-2 kg per month. The total weight increase (10-14 kg) of the mother during pregnancy should be 12.5 kg on average.

Nutritional advice to mothers:



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