• Baby Skin varies according to adult skin. Different baby skin causes a number of skin disorders specific to infants. Some of these are temporary, but some may last for a long time.
• Baby skin is very sensitive. Baby skin is thinner and produces less fat secretion than adults. The thinness of the skin makes it vulnerable to injury. The thinness of the skin can cause products to be externally absorbed from the skin and pass through the blood. Therefore, caution should be exercised on products to be applied on large surfaces.
• Less development of the immune system of babies makes them more susceptible to infections. Skin infections are common in infants. The hands of babies who are caring for infants during the newborn period pose a risk of infection. Therefore, frequent washing of the hands of those who will come into contact with the baby prevents infants from getting infected.
• SKIN Peeling: It is a condition that occurs when the protective layer that covers the baby while it is in the womb is cast away after birth. It disappears in a few weeks after birth. The treatment is to wash the baby without gently irritating and moisten the baby after bathing.
• SKIN ORGANIZATION: The fact that the baby's fat cells produce less fat secretion is the main cause of dryness. It may disappear with the increase of oil secretion over time or sometimes it may continue to pave the way for the development of eczema. Dryness is affected by external factors. A number of measures should be taken to prevent dryness. Baby clothes should be washed with delicate detergents. Babies should never be dressed without washing. The clothes should be 100 percent cotton. Clothes should be washed with little detergent and plenty of rinsing water. Incorrect detergent use causes the development of allergic reactions that manifest itself in the form of redness and itching of the skin.
• MILLA: They appear in the form of tiny white puffs that settle on the face and scalp. They are tiny cystic formations filled with keratin. They may develop at birth or develop later. They go out without treatment.
• TOXIC ERYTHEM:It manifests itself in the form of pustules surrounded by red skin, such as sunburn. It can be individual or in groups. They go out by themselves.
• NEWBORN ACNE:It is a condition observed by the effect of pregnancy hormones passing from mother. They start from the cheeks, they can move towards the forehead. They go out in a short time. External antibiotics are used for the treatment of inflammatory lesions. In the event of progression, a possible hormonal disorder is investigated in the baby.
Sweat diapers for babies differs from adults. Sweat channels work less. They are difficult to tolerate heat, and intense heat and humidity cause distressed rashes in infants. It is most commonly seen on the face, neck and trunk, but can be observed all over the body. Small pimples appear in the form of puffs like the head. It is important for babies to have frequent showers, not to wear thick clothes, to sweat and to keep them in cool environments.
It is a common condition in the scalp and can also be located in the forehead, eyebrows and outer ear canal. It develops due to the irregular functioning of fat cells in infants. It shows itself with oily yellow shells and dandruff on the hair. It may extinguish spontaneously, and may sometimes continue in advanced age. Treatment is used to soften the hair with olive oil, host shampoos and oat bath oils. Cortisone-containing drugs are used in advanced cases.
It is a common condition in the first years of life. It is seen in the groin area. The humid environment of this area is irritated by contact with urine and feces, causing a rash. The use of antibiotics, teething and diarrhea provides an environment for the formation of rash. In some cases, secondary Candida mushrooms may be added on the diaper rash. The development of yeast infection manifests itself as inflammatory acne. Frequent change of the baby's diapers is very important in the treatment of rash. Skin should not be allowed to come into contact with urine and feces. Babies' diapers should be cleaned with non-irritating cleansers. After each diaper change, diaper rash and barrier creams should be used. The frequency of diaper changing and the use of diaper rash cream should be higher, especially in summer, as the irritation increases with the effect of sweat. Barrier creams containing zinc oxide are important for diaper rash prevention. Antifungal creams should be used in cases of fungal infection.
• BIRTH Stains: They are of vascular origin or pigment origin. They are caused by the overwork of blood vessels or pigment cells normally found in our skin. Vascular origin birthmarks are hemangiomas and wine stains. They may be on the same surface as the skin or may be raised from the skin. Most of them are extinguished with age. In cases without regression, they are treated with laser method. Pigment origin birthmarks are milky coffee spots and mongol spots.
• MONGOL STAIN: It is a bluish discoloration of gray on the back of the hips and back of newborns. Rarely, it may also be observed on the leg and shoulder. It is caused by the presence of melanin cells that give color to the skin in the lower layer of the skin. They go out by themselves.
Eczema in infants, redness, flaking, watering and dandruff is a skin disorder that manifests itself. Although it can be seen all over the body, infants, forehead, cheeks and joint areas are common areas. It is more common in infants prone to genetic allergy. It starts at 2-3 months. It is affected by environmental factors. In the treatment, priority irritant causes should be identified and avoided. It is important to stay away from desiccant cleaners and moisturize the skin frequently. In some cases, food, pets and household dust can exacerbate eczema. In these cases, the list of diets, treatments to remove the pet or reduce the amount of mites in the environment are applied. Cortisone-containing creams or non-cortisone creams with immune-regulating effects are used to treat the disease. Antihistaminic syrups are used to suppress itching. Eczema may disappear in a short time and sometimes it may become chronic.
Babies in the bathroom Caution should be used when washing with warm water. Care should be taken not to lower the umbilical cord below the water level until the umbilical cord falls. It should be ensured that the soaps to be used have soft, neutral pH and do not contain additives. The use of neutral soap is important. Soaps should be applied softly without scrubbing. The baby's scalp should be washed once or twice a week with baby shampoos that do not burn the eyes. In girls it is not recommended to wash with soap as the genital area may irritate soap. After washing, care should be taken not to leave any soap residue. Moisturizing creams should be applied after bathing. It should be noted that the humidifier to be used is odorless and perfume-free products without additives. Oatmeal moisturizers are recommended for their non-allergy properties. Moisturize the slightly wet skin and then put on clothes.