All About Celiac Disease in Infants!
Although it is a common disease in our country, celiac disease, which has little information about; It is a disease which may occur at any time in any age group regardless of infant, child, adult or elderly.Symptoms are more common in children of growing age. Generally, after 1 year of age, celiac is more common in infants who pass from breast milk to supplementary food!
Parents who have no idea what this disease can be concerned with the diagnosis of celiac disease in their children. In addition, there may be families who do not consider the possibility of celiac disease in their child despite symptoms.
What is Celiac Disease?
First of all, it is necessary to learn what the disease is and why it occurs and to recognize it. What is celiac diseaseLet's look together.
Celiac is a kind of small bowel disorder.
Barley, wheat, oats and rye gluten protein in cereals, such as, cannot be digested in the body of some genetically susceptible individuals and 'Villi' called to break the curved structure of the cells begins to flatten.
As a result, the absorption of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals from villi structures is prevented. The body's defense mechanism also begins to react to this situation.
In this way, findings resulting from body sensitivity also indicate celiac disease.
Celiac disease, 'Gluten Enteropathy' and 'Celiac disease' as well as names. In short, it can be defined as the inability of the body to achieve gluten tolerance and sensitivity to gluten.
Types of Celiac Disease
There are different types of celiac disease;
Classic Gluten Enteropathy
It is a type that is seen in babies after 6 months of age and after starting breast milk supplementary food. Since gluten intake will increase with the transition to supplementary food, Infants 6-12 months Celiac symptoms can be observed.
Atypical Gluten Enteropathy
The other name is 'non-classical celiac'. Encountered in school age children and adults after 5 years of age
It is kind.
Potential Gluten Enteropathy
People with positive blood tests but negative results in biopsy have high potential for celiac disease. They are not ill, but the disease may develop later.
Silent Gluten Enteropathy
It is the type of celiac disease that occurs during the investigation of a different condition without showing any known symptoms.
Celiac Disease Causes?
Celiac is an inherited disease. It occurs in connection with a person's genetic predisposition.
in body 'Homozygous DQ2'gene is considered in the risk group. This gene causes the disease to occur due to environmental factors. However, although your family is not sick, your child may have this diagnosis.Diseases can occur with gluten-rich diet of people at risk.
Except this; Down syndrome, Turner Syndrome, IgA deficiency, epilepsy, sarcoidosis, infertility, osteoporosis celiac disease risk, and they need to be checked at regular intervals.
Therefore, if your child has a chronic disease similar to these diseases, you should have regular checks for celiac risk.
What are the Symptoms of Celiac Disease in Infants?
Celiac, which causes digestive problems, sometimes shows no symptoms Symptoms of celiac in infants It is very helpful in diagnosing the disease.
- Long-term diarrhea in infants
- Severe abdominal pain
- Bloating and gas in the stomach
- Long-term constipation
- Weight loss
- Disease-induced iron deficiency anemia
- Growth retardation (your baby is shorter and weaker than his peers)
- Muscle loss
- Other diseases associated with the disease (thyroid failure, B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency)
In addition to these symptoms in infants Symptoms of celiac disease is as follows;
- Bone and joint pain
- Behavioral disorders
- Learning difficulties
- Deterioration of tooth structure and tooth decay
- Growth stops
- Lack of attention
- Skin pallor
Sometimes only one of these symptoms can be seen or the symptoms encountered may be a harbinger of another disease.
Celiac patients; type1 diabetes, thyroid diseases, chronic hepatitis autoimmune diseases such as.
Is Celiac Disease Treatable for Infants?
The most curious issue of families with celiac disease is how this problem can be treated. Emerging with gluten intolerance treatment of celiac disease They do not.
Only by regulating your child's eating habits can the disease be controlled by eliminating symptoms. The person diagnosed will need to be fed with gluten-free foods for life.
Therefore, your baby can eat gluten-free foods. diet You must set.
With the support of your doctor, you can arrange a diet that can provide the nutritional values your little pup needs.
In order to eliminate digestive problems such as abdominal pain and bloating in your baby, consult your doctor. probiotic supports You can choose to
As the absorption of nutrients in the body becomes difficult, it is possible to eliminate the deficiencies of vitamins and minerals with vitamin supplements. There is no other drug treatment.
What Should Nutrition Be for Celiac Infants?
If your little baby is diagnosed with celiac, you will need to change and adjust things in your life.
A careful diet list should be prepared especially for children with celiac disease who are just getting to know the food after breastmilk and gluten-containing foods should be replaced with other non-gluten-free foods with high nutritional value.Even a small amount of gluten should not be used in celiac disease.
- Breast milk should be given in the first 6 months in infants.
Breast milk gluten, found in babies celiac disease protects against
- Even a small amount of gluten can be harmful. Therefore, primarily the baby nutrition list All foods with gluten should be removed.
- Foods containing cereals such as wheat, barley, rye and oats should never be given to the child.
- Foods such as corn flour, rice flour and soy flour replacing gluten-free cereals preferable. Children's bread, pastry type foods can be prepared with these foods.
- Potatoes, meat, rice, vegetables and fruits can be safely consumed.
- It should not be given to the child because of the presence of gluten in macaroni ready packaged products and cakes, biscuits and cracker-style snacks.
Instead, you can make snacks for your child from corn, rice or potato flour at home.
Considerations in Celiac Disease
If your child has celiac disease, you should pay attention to some points;
- In the early days when the disease was diagnosed, your baby may not be able to absorb certain nutrients. vitamin-free and weak may have stayed. You can use vitamin supplements appropriate to your baby, provided that you consult your doctor to close this gap and ensure that your child regains body resistance.
- You must keep all cooking utensils of your little baby apart. Cookware, ladle, cutting board, etc. gluten residue to remain you will need to be careful.
- As with cooking utensils, your baby will eat plate, spoon, fork and glass should also be kept separate in the kitchen. Such equipment should only belong to your baby.
- By checking the label of all products that are taken for your baby's nutrition or personal care gluten free You must take care
- Before you start preparing food for your baby, you should clean your counter and wash the dishes with a separate sponge or cloth.
Gluten intolerance can occur even in the presence of trace amounts of gluten. Therefore, celiac in infants In the presence of mini-nutrients, while paying attention to the products you buy and the foods that belong to it should be careful not to contact gluten.