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Nutrition is very important for the development of a baby. In the early period, the effects of proper nutrition on brain development, cognitive development, metabolisms, hormones and genes are increasing. Nutritionist İbrahim “Cognitive and mental development problems are school success, social life, immunity, major illnesses, working capacity and old age. Therefore, nutrition is not just calorie calculation, diet and weight gain. Childhood is an important issue with the causes and solutions of nutritional disorders. ”
0-6 Months Child Nutrition
Feeding of the baby, which starts in the womb, continues with breastfeeding with the birth. Breastfeeding is an indispensable element for both mother and baby. Breast milk is the most important and single food of the child for 0-6 months. Dietician İbrahim Kalkım gives the following information about the formation of breast milk: “Infant sucking is the factor that stimulates the production of milk and secretes more milk. Dark section surrounding the nipple “areola.. Areolada have montgomery glands that provide an oily and special odor to keep the skin healthy. There are millions of milk sacs called alveoli towards the inside of the breast. By stimulating the prolactin hormone, milk is released from these milk sacs. The hormone called oxytocin allows milk to come from the channels to the nipple. The milk-secreting alveoli and canals are surrounded by support and adipose tissue. The abundance or scarcity of this adipose tissue determines the shape structure of the breast. Small or large breasts do not affect milk yield. ”
The most important factors that stimulate milk production and increase milk yield are the fact that the mother and the baby are together after the birth without any separation and the baby sucking without any rules. For each breastfeeding, the baby uses the milk already supplied and ready in the breast. Many women make up the milk in amounts or more that their babies need. Moreover, if a mother has two babies, if both are able to suck, their breasts are capable of making milk for both. Dietitian Departure, “Frequent baby sucking is the most important factor that stimulates milk productionBebek If the baby stops sucking, the breasts will stop producing smears. Breastfeeding at night is particularly useful as more prolactin is made at night, and as prolactin relaxes the mother and makes her sleep, breastfeeding at night rests the mother. Prolactin-related hormones can also suppress ovulation and prevent a new pregnancy for the mother. It has been shown in various studies that milk is more abundant in mothers who are breastfeeding after birth and the duration of lactation is longer than that of intermittent mothers. Another hormone that controls milk production “oxytocinIs. When the baby suckles the breast, sensory transmission goes from the nipple to the brain. In response, the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland at the base of the brain secretes oxytocin. The effect of oxytocin may occur before the mother starts suckling when the mother expects the baby to become hungry. If the oxytocin reflex does not function well, the baby may find it difficult to obtain milk and it may be thought that milk production in the breast has stopped. But breasts make milk, but milk cannot be thrown out. ”
The mother's desire to give milk, love, feeling close to her child, being close to him are among the important factors that stimulate oxytocin. Seeing the baby in between meals and touching it and hearing it cry also stimulates the reflex. Postpartum pain and worries, being separated from the baby, worrying that milk will not be enough to suppress oxytocin and milk can cause outflow. In this case, “milk does not come, milk is not enough worry” immediately to the child with sugar water, special formula and milk makes it difficult to suck. Do not fall into this tube errors with little concern of milk. Dietician says: diy Breastfeeding Nutritional requirements of the baby between 0-6 monthsis the most essential method to meet. For this, breastfeeding should be started and maintained in a healthy way. For breastfeeding to start healthy, the baby and the mother are side by side, and after the birth, the baby is placed on the mother's belly or chest, creating tight, loving bonds between the mother and the baby. If breast milk is the first food of a baby coming from a sterile environment, it will allow the formation of protective factors against the microorganisms of the whole digestive system starting from the mouth of the baby. ”
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