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At the beginning of the parents' fearful dreams are the route virus. This virus stands out as the most common cause of diarrhea in children under 3 years of age. German Hospital Specialist for Child Health and Diseases Contact Alper directly Anne To protect children from diarrhea, infants should only be breastfed for the first 6 months. In addition, food, water and hand cleaning should be provided to a maximum, cooked food should not be left at room temperature, not clean water should not be used, after the toilet hands should be washed with soap. ”He warns families.
: What is a route virus?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in children under 3 years of age. It is also the most common cause of diarrhea.
: How is it transmitted?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Rotavirus is present in the feces before the onset of diarrhea and continues in the feces for 10-12 days after the onset of symptoms. The most common form of transmission of rotavirus is by way of hands and food contaminated with rotavirus-infected stool. Rotavirus can also be found on toys and hard surfaces, so it can be transmitted in nurseries, kindergartens and hospitals.
: What are the effects?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Infants receiving breast milk are more frequent and watery defecation than usual; and diarrhea more than three times per 24 hours in non-breastfeeding. Rotavirus infection is usually accompanied by watery diarrhea lasting for 4-8 days and may be accompanied by fever and vomiting for the first 1-3 days. It can also cause loss of fluid and salt from the body. Adults generally have a lighter course.
: Who is seen?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Rotavirus diarrhea can occur at any age. It is more common especially in low socioeconomic regions. It is the most common cause of severe diarrhea between 4 months and 2 years. It usually causes outbreaks in winter and spring. It is most commonly seen in December and January.
: How to tell?
Dr. Contact Alper directly It can be diagnosed by rotavirus antigen examination in feces.
: How is it treated?
Dr. Contact Alper directly As with all diarrheal diseases, there is no drug treatment. Therefore, if fluid loss occurs in the body, it is necessary to replace the lost fluid. Most children with diarrhea initially have little or no water loss. At home treatment, fluid and salt losses can be covered. To cover fluid loss at home; liquids such as water, soup, rice juice, buttermilk, apple juice. Breastfeeding should be increased in infants under 6 months of age who have not yet started supplementary food. If the mother does not take milk, the usual formula is continued. If it is older than 6 months and has started to supplement food, it can be given at short intervals by freshly preparing soft mash foods (yoghurt, mashed potatoes, rice porridge) containing rich protein and energy. Boiled chilled water can be given in between if the baby is taken. After each diarrhea, ½-1 cup of water can be given to those under 2 years old and ½-1 cup of water can be given to those older than 2 years. Potassium-rich banana puree, fresh fruit juices can be made.
: What are the ways of protection?
Dr. Contact Alper directly In order to protect children from diarrhea, infants should only be breastfed for the first 6 months. In addition, food, water and hand cleaning should be provided to a maximum, cooked food should not be kept at room temperature, not clean water should not be used, hands should be washed with soap after the toilet and children should be taught.
In the case of rotavirus infection, the baby's dirty glands should be carefully removed, feces should not be contaminated on the surfaces of the home, and the hands should be washed with soap after cleaning the baby's bottom.
Children's play areas and toys used and the environment in which the child lives must be kept clean. Since especially young children usually bring their toys to their mouths, the toys should be washed thoroughly with hot soapy water after diarrhea, then cleaned with 70% alcohol or kept in a mixture prepared with bleach for 10-20 minutes.
: What are the points that parents should pay attention to?
Dr. Contact Alper directly If the child is excreting too much and does not drink water, if there is recurrent vomiting, fever, blood and mucus in the stool, see a doctor immediately. In case of severe fluid loss, hospitalization and serum treatment is necessary. Drugs intended to stop diarrhea should not be used in children as most of them have systemic harmful effects.
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